Jebel Aulia Dam and Reservoir

Jebel Aulia dam and reservoir

The Jebel Aulia dam and reservoir is the second largest water reservoir in Sudan. The dam locates around 45 km upstream south from Khartoum the capital of Sudan. So far, it’s just one hour away from Khartoum by car. The White Nile feeds the reservoir and shapes the Jebel Aulia reservoir.

The source of the White Nile locates in Uganda. The confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile to River Nile is in Khartoum. After a long way across the Nubian desert and Egypt, Nile finally discharges into the Mediterranean Sea in North Egypt.

Moreover, a road is available on the dam crest to cross the dam. Additionally, the dam has a floodgate and a bascule bridge to keep the White Nile navigable. Irrigation, power generation and recreation the Jebel Aulia dam used for many things.

The Jebel Aulia dam builds up an approximately 45 km long reservoir. The history of the dam dates back to the year 1930. The dam built by a British company to avoid Nile floods. The 4,4 km long dam had finalised in 1937. One part of the dam has a brick wall. While a second part of the dam has a mound o stones and soil.

However, the main purpose of the dam is to control the level of the River Nile downstream. In particular, in times when the Blue Nile has low level Jebel Aulia increase the discharge from the reservoir. One of the interesting places on the dam is the fish pass. It’s funny to watch how the fishes try to jump step by step upstairs. It seems the White Nile is very rich in fish. For the fishermen, it’s a slight matter to catch one.

On the west bank, many trees spend shadow there. It’s obviously, many locals enjoy the weekend in this area. However, one of our Sudanese friends invites us to visit his house near the dam. With our bought Nile fish we got a wonderful lunch. We spend the afternoon in the shadow of huge mango trees. Delicious freshly prepared mango juice and Sudanese style coffee make the day perfect.