Khartoum is the capital of Sudan. The country shapes the Northeast part of the African continent. In the West and North is desert. But in the East, has Sudan a long coastline on the Red Sea. Here join the West African, Central African and Arabic cultures together.
Compared with other cities in this region Khartoum is a very young city. Since its founding in 1821, the city grows very quick from a local military outpost to the capital of Sudan today. However, the city is surrounded by deserts. In the east locates the Nubian desert and in the west the Libyan desert. Both are part of the Sahara desert. The confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile to the River Nile locates in Khartoum.
The common meaning of Khartoum is “Elephant Trunk” because of the shape of the Blue Nile, locals told me. Indeed, the confluence has a deep impact on the city. The rivers divide the city into three parts.
Hot, dry and sometimes sandstorms because of the desert around Khartoum. The region has a hot and extremely arid desert climate. Sometimes the wind blows fine red dust picked from the desert into the city.
On such days the sky becomes cloudy. The colour of the daylight changes to orange or dark yellow. Such sand or dust storms aren’t pleasant. These days are strange because of the everywhere fine red dust. The dust finds always a way to come from each gap into the house.
Desert, Nile and a mix of African Arabic cultures give their own vibes to the city. Sudanese excellent hospitality is a great experience. However, with the mix of African and Arabic cultures the lovely Sudanese people shape a unique atmosphere. The fascinating Arabic bazaars and the hustle and bustle of the city have their own rhythm indeed.