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The confluence of River Nile

The confluence of the River Nile is one of the most interesting things to know about Khartoum. Actually, the River Nile merged from the White Nile and from the Blue Nile. The source of the White Nile locates in Uganda. While the source of the Blue Nile is in Ethiopia. The confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile to River Nile locates in Khartoum. From this point in Khartoum, the river called River Nile or Great Nile..  and flows now in the north direction.

After a long way across the Nubian Desert, the river passing the famous Nile cataracts. Then River Nile left Sudan and cross through Egypt. Finally, the Nile discharges into the Mediterranean Sea in North Egypt.

The common meaning of Khartoum is “elephant trunk” because of the shape of the Blue Nile locals told us. Indeed the confluence has a deep impact on the city. The rivers divide the city into three parts.

In the west locates Omdurman and Khartoum city in the south-east. While in the north, of course, Khartoum North or Bahri locates. Omdurman is the biggest city of all, while Bahri is the industrial centre. Above all Khartoum is the capital.

In the middle of the confluence, the Blue Nile shapes Tuti Island. Actually, the island is the home of a village. The island mainly used for agriculture by the villagers. A brand new built bridge spans over the Blue Nile and connects Khartoum with Tuti island. However, there is a plan to develop Tuti island for tourists.

The Nile Road is a famous road in Khartoum. The road winds along the south bank of the Blue Nile and gives a fantastic view of the river. A lot of facilities locating along the Nile road. For instance, restaurants, churches, museum and gardens.

Bahrain and Manama the capital

The Kingdom of Bahrain and Manama as its capital is a small island state in the western Persian Gulf. The islands situated close to the east coast of Saudi Arabia and Qatar. All in all, the island state consists of around 33 islands.  While in the north of the island the capital Manama with the city center situates. In the south, there is mainly desert and salt lakes only. Bahrain has an arid climate.

The “King Fahd Causeway” is a 26 km long highway. The causeway connects in the North the main island with the city of Al Khobar in Saudi Arabia. The causeway is a four-lane bridge with an artificial island on the halfway. This island is, in particular, the checkpoint between both countries.

Like everywhere in the Arabic world Bahrain has also a souq. The Bab Al Bahrain is a building and the main gate to the Manama Souq. The souq is a huge area in the north of Manama’s old business district. Countless dealers offer their goods here. Spices, clothes and even gold are available.

The capital Manama is the biggest town on the island. In fact, after the oil rush, Manama developed to a financial and trading place. Finally, skyscrapers rising into the sky today and showing the change. However, there is still an old part of Manama with an Arabic lifestyle.

As part of the Arabic world, the island has a long history. The Bahrain Fort Museum has an exhibition of findings, relics and artifacts from the history of the island. The museum is easy to find in the northwest of the island.  The museum isn’t far from the Qal’at al-Bahrain ruins field. It’s an archaeological site in Bahrain. However, the ruins hill was probably for a long time the main settlement on the island.

Saudi Arabia, Dates, Desert, Camels

Saudi Arabia situated on the Arabic peninsula. The eastern province borders in the east to the Persian Gulf. In the west the province borders by a desert. In opposite to the city of Al Khobar locates the small island state of Bahrain. The 26 km long King Fahd Causeway connects both countries, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. The checkpoint locates in the middle of the causeway on an artificial island.

The characteristic of Saudi Arabia is the vast desert and the extremely arid climate. Despite the major cities, there is nothing more than a desert. The vegetation is very poor. The only trees mainly are date palms. However, some kind of low grasses sometimes grow. Always amazing is the fact, there is water there is life. Especially in the palm groves of the oases. Life is very diverse here.

A symbol of the desert is, of course, the camel. And indeed camels are the only big animal in the desert beside sheep and some insects. Sometimes large herds of camels blocked the road. It seems the camels like the road very much.

One of the world’s largest oil and gas reserves locates in the eastern province. It’s obviously because gas and oil plants are visible almost everywhere. However, it’s difficult to imagine that millions of years this area was a lush green habitat.

Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with extremely high daytime temperatures. With up to 50 °C in the summertime, the temperature can be really hot. However, with a low around 8 °C in the wintertime, it could be very cool as well. While in the summer the water in the gulf is extremely warm, it’s even cooler in winter. Finally, Saudi Arabia means dates, shifting sand dunes, hot air and a lot of camels, the desert is everywhere.

Dammam, Dhahran and Al Khobar

The triplets Dammam, Dhahran and Al Khobar are three major cities in Saudi Arabia. All three belong to the Eastern Province. The province borders in the east to the Persian Gulf. However, in southeast Qatar and the United Arabic Emirates are not far from Dammam. In Al Khobar starts the 26 km long “King Fahd Causeway”. The highway connects Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. That is the only connection between both countries.

The three cities of Dammam, Dhahran and Al Khobar linked together today. Altogether they shape the metropolitan area Dammam. The triplets connected by a highway with Saudi’s capital Riad. It’s the economic, cultural and administrative centre of the Eastern Province. Even more, the Eastern Province is also the centre of the oil and gas industry in Saudi Arabia. Previously Dammam, Dhahran, Al Khobar had been small fishing villages. But today the metropolitan area grows into a major economic centre.

The Half Moon Bay is a long beach in the south of Al Khobar. Used not only by locals as a recreation area. Kilometres of beach, hotels and compounds are here.

Surrounded by desert the region Dammam has an extremely hot desert climate. Especially in summertime temperatures raised between 45 and 50 degrees. In wintertime, the temperature drops below 10 °C. So far, in February heavy thunderstorms attended by a lot of rain are not unusual.

Not far from Half Moon Bay, a population of flamingos has their home. It’s nice to watch such beautiful pink coloured and tall birds. The flamingos always picking in the water and looking for some food. Al Khobar has a Corniche. It’s a long road along the shore. The Corniche lined up with many restaurants, coffee shops and playgrounds along the Persian Gulf. It’s a famous place especially in the evening and on weekends.