Saudi Arabia is situated on the Arabic peninsula. The eastern province borders in the east the Persian Gulf. In the west, the province is bordered by a desert. Opposite the city of Al Khobar locates the small island state of Bahrain. The 26 km long King Fahd Causeway connects both countries, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. The checkpoint locates in the middle of the causeway on an artificial island.
The characteristic of Saudi Arabia is the vast desert and the extremely arid climate. Despite the major cities, there is nothing more than a desert. The vegetation is very poor. The only trees mainly are date palms. However, some kinds of low grasses sometimes grow. Always amazing is the fact, that there is water there is life. Especially in the palm groves of the oases. Life is very diverse here.
A symbol of the desert is, of course, the camel. And indeed camels are the only big animal in the desert beside sheep and some insects. Sometimes large herds of camels blocked the road. It seems the camels like the road very much.
One of the world’s largest oil and gas reserves locates in the eastern province. It’s obviously because gas and oil plants are visible almost everywhere. However, it’s difficult to imagine that for millions of years this area was a lush green habitat.
Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with extremely high daytime temperatures. With up to 50 °C in the summertime, the temperature can be really hot. However, with a low of around 8 °C in the wintertime, it could be very cool as well. While in the summer the water in the gulf is extremely warm, it’s even cooler in winter. Finally, Saudi Arabia means dates, shifting sand dunes, hot air and a lot of camels, the desert is everywhere.