The Mahayana Buddhist temple Borobudur situated in Magelang close to Yogyakarta in Central Java. Yogyakarta is the center of Javanese culture. The city has had an important influence on Javanese history. However, the area is one of the sacred places in ancient Javanese history.
The Borobudur temple built in the ninth century. That’s the time of the Srivijaya Empire in Sumatra. At this time Palembang was the capital of the empire. That was almost at the same time when the nearby Hindu Temple Prambanan had built. However, the monument is the world’s largest Buddhist temple today.
Borobudur is all together, a Buddhist shrine, a pilgrimage and a tourist destination. Used for celebrating Buddhists events and festivals.
Volcanos surrounding the temple area in the close distance. Those volcanos like Mt Merapi. Merbabu und Sumbing frequently affecting the temple during eruptions. Covered by ash and hidden in the jungle the temple felt into oblivion for generations. Sir Thomas Raffles rediscovered the temple in the nineteenth century finally. He is the founder of today’s Singapore as well. In fact, he brought Borobudur back to attention.
All in all, the temple entirely made from stone and built on a hill. The shape is like a pyramid with a square foundation. In particular, the temple built upon nine platforms. The first six platforms have a square shape. The upper three have a round shape. On top, a stupa completing the monument.
Stairs lead to every platform and finally to the top stupa. The platforms decorated with reliefs and stupas. Each platform describing the life of Buddha. Each platform represents one stage of enlightenment from the Buddhist religion.
Mahayana Buddhist temple Borobudur and the Hindu temple Prambanan are one of the most famous tourist spots in Java. Millions per year visiting the temple in the jungle.