Aden, the city in a volcanic crater

Aden, the city in a volcanic crater

One of the important and largest cities in Yemen is Aden. The city locates in the south of Yemen at the Gulf of Aden. Sanaa the capital of Yemen locates around three 300 km northwest. So far, Aden is an ancient city with a very long history and culture. The area is, even more, a bond between Africa and the Arabic peninsula.

A part of the city locates on a peninsula. Actually, an extinct volcano formed the peninsula.  The volcano rim forms the Shamsan Mountains. The peak called Jebel Shamsan. With 555 m the highest point around. The district Crater is the oldest part of the city and locates of course in the extinct volcano crater. Crater district is the most impressive part of the city.

Aden is an ancient city and a bonding between continents. It’s a mix of many cultures and old traditions, influenced by Asia, Europe and Africa.

It’s an amazing view into the crater with all the buildings build up to the crater rim. Even more the spectacular view to the lava shaped landscape. Since the crater is only open to the seaside, the old town can only see from the mainland. However, other districts more modern designed and industrialised.

The city locates on the Gulf of Aden nearby the approach to the Red Sea the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait. The Gulf had named after the port city Aden. In fact, the Gulf connects the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean with the Red Sea. The gate between the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden is the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait.,

Since the Suez Canal opened, the Red Sea connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean. It’s one of the most important shipping routes today. All the shipping from Europe to the Indian Ocean lead through the Gulf of Aden.